One Team Government

WTF is policy?

A useful ladder of intervention for policy makers, which refreshingly treats legislation as the last possible intervention, not the first. As with other Policy Lab products, its value comes from prompting better questions rather than from providing direct answers, so the ladder may seem more ordered than the real world of policy development tends to be – which doesn’t stop it being good food for thought.

But the post doesn’t really answer the question very firmly posed by its title, Paul Maltby’s post may be a better place to start for that.

Laurence Grinyer – Medium

Data and AI

Google’s Rules For Designers Working With AI

If machine learning is not the same as human learning, and if machine learning can end encoding the weaknesses of human decision making as much as its strengths, perhaps we need some smarter ways of doing AI. That’s the premise for a new Google initiative on what they are calling human centred machine learning, which seems to involve bringing in more of the insights and approaches of human-centred design together with a more sophisticated understanding of what counts as a well-functioning AI system – including recognising the importance of both Type I and Type II errors.

Katharine Schwab – Co.Design

Data and AI

Your brain does not process information and it is not a computer

Artificial intelligence is more artificial than we like to think. The idea that computers are like very simple human brains has been dominant pretty much since the dawn of computing. But it is critically important not to be trapped by the metaphors we use: the ways in which general purpose computers are not like human brains are far more significant than the ways in which they are. It follows that machine learning is not like human learning; and we should not mistake the things such a system does as simply a faster and cheaper version of what a human would do.

Robert Epstein – Aeon